Maybe you’ve done a bit of research and are now interested in putting your money into one of the investment avenues available in the market today. But the sheer number of mutual fund schemes is overwhelming, and you’re confused about which mutual fund scheme to put your hard-earned money into.
If you’re just getting started, here are seven things to look at as a new investor to make your mutual fund investments work: equity mutual funds
- Now there are different types of mutual funds and every fund type calls for a different investment time frame. When you’re picking a mutual fund, you need to evaluate how long your money can stay invested in the scheme.
For example, equity mutual funds should be given longer time frame than debt mutual funds. It’s advised that you pick the mutual fund scheme that fits your time requirements.
Why’s the time horizon important?
Because most of the mutual fund seeks to generate reasonable returns depending on how long the money is invested for. If your time horizon doesn’t align with the mutual fund’s strategy, then you may end up with less-than-expected potential returns or even losses
- It’s important to match your risk profile with that of the objective of the fund. Don’t invest in a
particular mutual fund scheme just because your friend or family member did. Their risk appetite
may be quite different from yours.
What’s your investment objective?
- It’s critical for you to set your investment goal or objective. Why do you want to put your money in a mutual fund? Is it for a second home? Is it for retirement? Is it for wealth creation?
Listing your investment objectives will help you determine how much risk you can take, how long
you can stay invested for, and which fund best matches your needs.
- Your investment goals define your time horizon, which helps you select the type of scheme. Remember, every mutual fund scheme reacts differently to market conditions. Equity funds, for example, usually see greater fluctuation in returns due to movements in the market as opposed to
Choosing the right option in a scheme
- A mutual fund scheme typically offers three investment options under Regular Plan and Direct Plan:
Dividend Reinvestment, Growth and Dividend Payout. A dividend is a share of your NAV that the
fund pays you at a regular interval which is subject to the approval of trustees and availability of
distributable profit. When you choose Growth, you will not get any returns in the intermediate or
dividends during the period of investment. Dividend Payout lets you receive the dividends at
periodic intervals and Dividend Reinvestment lets you reinvest those dividends in the mutual fund.
Which option you choose will determine your overall potential returns.
- Equity and debt mutual funds both have different tax implications. For example, equity linked saving schemes or ELSS mutual funds (a type of equity funds) allow the investor to save up to Rs. 1.50 lakh under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Debt funds, on the other hand, attract tax depending on the tenure of investment. When you’re picking a mutual fund, always remember to compare the
- Mutual funds have certain charges known as loads. The Securities and Exchange Board of India has
now made it mandatory to not charge an entry load when you’re buying a mutual fund. On the other
hand, an exit load fee is charged when you redeem your investment, typically prior to a defined time
There are several other checks that you need to undertake, such as track record, understanding the
several different types of funds out there in the market, and more before you decide to put your
money in a mutual fund.
However, the points mentioned above are a good starting point to help you potentially reap the
benefits from your mutual fund investments.
Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.